Enzymatic saccharification and fermentation of xylose-optimized dilute acid-treated lignocellulosics.

TitleEnzymatic saccharification and fermentation of xylose-optimized dilute acid-treated lignocellulosics.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsChung, Y-C, Bakalinsky, AT, Penner, MH
JournalAppl Biochem Biotechnol
Date Published2005 Spring
KeywordsCell Culture Techniques, Cell Proliferation, Cell Survival, Cellulase, Cellulose, Ethanol, Fermentation, Poaceae, Populus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Sulfuric Acids, Trichoderma, Xylose

The cellulose reactivity of two lignocellulosic feedstocks, switchgrass and poplar, was evaluated under straight saccharification (SS) and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) conditions following dilute sulfuric acid pretreatments designed for optimum xylose yields. The optimum pretreatment conditions, within the constraints of the experimental system (Parr batch reactor), were 1.2% acid, 180 degrees C, and 0.5 min for switchgrass and 1% acid, 180 degrees C, and 0.56 min for poplar. The cellulase enzyme preparation was from Trichoderma reesei and fermentations were done with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Time courses for SS were monitored as the sum of glucose and cellobiose; those for SSF as the sum of glucose, cellobiose, and ethanol. Percentage conversions under SS conditions were 79.1% and 91.4% for the pretreated poplar and switchgrass feedstocks, respectively. Analogous values under SSF conditions were 73.0% and 90.3% for pretreated poplar and switchgrass, respectively.

Alternate JournalAppl. Biochem. Biotechnol.
PubMed ID15930573